Landings, arrested 11 ”jackals” ”Group of the most dangerous”

CATANIA – ”It ’a despicable traffic”. The words of the prosecutor of Catania Giovanni Salvi crystallize the abomination of what emerged from the operation conducted by the Flying Squad and the Sco Rome that led to bring to justice the alleged leaders of the transnational organization that traffics in human beings and profiting unlawfully flows from North Africa to Sicily. The headquarters would be in Libya, and the criminal group, would also be the one that would leave the boat then sank in the Strait of Sicily between 27 and 28 June, killing at least 244 people.

Tokhla, jackal in Italian, is the name of the operation that led to the arrest of 11 people in Italy and Germany. The collaboration with the German police who brought to justice one of the organization’s criminal minds, Measho Tesfamariam, 29, arrested yesterday in Muncheberg, a German national. Him and his role apical had already talked about the Espresso and Future with the investigations which have brought to light the tragedy of June. A fact already emerged from the investigation of Mobile games last May, when the ship arrived in Catania Grecale carrying 17 corpses, in addition to 206 migrants. The Eritrean was under wiretap and in several conversations referred to sinking. Then the pieces of the puzzle have been reconstructed by the police who requested his arrest. Tesfamariam understood to be picked up by investigators and, in fact, goes so far as to shut down for a certain period of time his phone number to which several relatives of the victims were trying to contact him for news of their relatives. Caution useless his trip to Germany ended with the handcuffs.

The police place detained nine other people between Sicily and northern Italy. In Milan Abdullatif Mohamed, 26, Mahmud Seid Mahamud Kar, 28, in Monza Kibrom Khasay, 24, in Rome Omar Ebrahim, Marsala Kibrom Khasay, 28 years. The others have ended up in the police net in Catania and Filipos Abraha, of 19 years, Ali Abdallah Mahammed, 24, Provide Omer Ibrahim, 19, and Efrem Goitom, 18 years.

Between May and September, the organization would organize at least 23 crossings. The investigation leads to this count: with a ticket payment that ”hovers .- says Andrea Bonomo pm – between 2000 and $ 3000.” ”Our goal – added the prosecutor Giovanni Salvi – is to ensure over the reception of migrants also to target criminal organizations to the heart.” The chief prosecutor etnea points out, even if there is a suspicion that this is the group that caused the sinking of the barge in late June, to not arrested are accused of murder.

”This organization is among the most dangerous working in human trafficking. – Says Vincenzo Nicolì SCO Rome – E ’a transnational network that operates a logistics base in Libya where people are picked and whole families from the area sub- Saharan Africa. From there they are taken on dilapidated boats and then once you are in Italy, is ready for another network that takes care of their transfer in northern Europe, and between these goals is especially Germany. ”

Rome, Monza and Catania are the logistics bases located by police. A proof that the capital Etna plays a strategic role in the migration offense run by the organization and that today the execution of stop police discovered that a building on Via Di Prima, in the heart of San Beryl, had been turned into a hiding for migrants waiting to be transferred. In an attic were ”prisoners” 9 Somalis, including eight minors aged between 14 and 16 years. ”We think there were at least two days.” – Says the manager of the Mobile Salvago Antonio. The youngsters had been locked in the house waiting for the relatives inviassero the necessary documents for the trip to Northern Europe. After the gruesome discovery, police arrested the tenant of the apartment, Andemeriam Yemane, 26, accused of kidnapping and abetting illegal stay.


Swedish legal expert on Danish Eritrea-report: Misleading

The Danish Eritrea-report do not give a true picture of the situation in the country, says Swedish legal expert.

Danish Immigration Eritrea-report is misleading because you have not been critical and wide enough in his use of sources.

How is the criticism from Carl Bexelius who is deputy head of legal affairs at the Swedish Migration Board, which corresponds to the Danish Immigration Board. Sweden has also seen a large influx of refugees from Eritrea over the past year.

Monday struck the Danish report a large bump on the road since the report only named source, the English professor Gaim Kibreab, decided to withdraw his name from the report.

Eritrea is located in the northern part of East Africa with coast along the Red Sea and bordering Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti.

The country has, according to the World Bank about six million people – however, figures are highly uncertain, as no action is taken censuses.

Previously an Italian colony and was in 1952 annexed by Ethiopia. Fought against them a war of independence from 1961 to 1991. Sidener mode between the two countries described as ’no war and no peace’.

Eritrea is one of the world’s poorest countries and is located at the bottom – in North Korea – in the list of world countries degree of freedom of the press.

He believes that he has been misquoted in the report and that his opinions have been put together with the report’s anonymous sources to reinforce their views.

See also Immigration call Swedish Eritrea-criticism unserious

Not proper sources

Now the report again criticized – this time from the Swedish side.

– The report provides a picture of the situation in Eritrea, which is better than it in fact is the case. It is simply misleading, says Carl Bexelius.

He does not believe that the Danish Immigration Board has been good enough in their choice of sources, which results in the report being untrustworthy.

– There are problems with the sources that the report makes use of. A report like this needs a wide variety of sources that can give a picture of the whole situation in the country.

– This report has placed much emphasis on the opinions of the embassy and diplomats who do not have access to first hand information.

Also read the British report: objectors and deserters from Eritrea face persecution

– When you do a study like this, you need addressing, for example, the government and NGOs. They have important information and experiences that you need, says Carl Bexelius.

Do not recommend return ticket

In Sweden they are of the opinion that it is not safe to send deserters and conscientious returned to Eritrea as refugees at risk of imprisonment and torture.

– We are of the opinion that you can not return to Eritrea without risking consequences. Therefore, we give asylum to between 98 and 100 percent of all refugees from Eritrea, and we do not recommend people to take back, says Carl Bexelius.

See also Amnesty: Eritrea report to be withdrawn

Tuesday, the Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt (S) in the Parliamentary question time once the defense Immigration Service report.

Here the prime minister said that she did not want to go into each country’s conclusions on the situation in Eritrea and that she is satisfied that the Immigration Service has examined the situation in the country.


FACTS: why people flee Eritrea

Politics: Eritrea is one of the world’s youngest nations with its just 21 years, despite having a very bloody past.

Professor at the Center for African Studies at the University of Copenhagen, Holger Bernt Hansen, explains the situation in Eritrea.

* What kind of a country?

– Former Italian and British colony, which later came under Ethiopia. Got after secession struggle independence in 1993. Freedom of movement of that time still believe that it has the exclusive right to power because it fought for independence. This has led to an authoritarian regime. The opposition is knocked down. Courts are incapacitated, if they do not just follow the government.

* What they flee from?

– Military service, poor living conditions and uncertainty about the government’s intentions. Eritrea will maintain a large army, because it is still in conflict with Ethiopia on border demarcation. There are up to 10 years of military service. Conscripts live in very poor conditions and receive a modest salary. Controlled spending all the money on the military. The country is not developed, so the overall living conditions are poor.

* How is the stability of the country?

– The iron fist that rules the country, creating a stability. But it brings uncertainty with it. Anyone who utters a negative view of the regime, is silenced or rotting in prison. The opposition has poor conditions. Many NGOs – especially Christians – have been kicked out. The press has also been silenced.

* How is Eritrea’s relationship with international institutions?

– Poorly. Eritrea is under sanctions from the UN and the African Union due to support for the Islamist terror group al-Shabaab in Somalia.

* Is a regret letter and payment of additional taxes enough to return safely to Eritrea?

– The state uses the situation to get money. Whether it is enough for the individual, I can not say.

The Eritrean regime is very happy with Denmark

“This is the answer we want – we just need someone to do the ‘research’ to say it”, seems the terms of reference of the anonymous researchers of the Danish Immigration Service (DIS), who last week published a very controversial report under the title: “Eritrea – Drivers and Root Causes of Emigration, National Service and the Possibility of Return”.
The anonymous researchers spent two weeks in Eritrea and spoke with 12 anonymous sources. Nine of these are international organisations, of which five are Western embassies.
The remaining three sources are one “regional NGO based in Asmara”, a representative of the Eritrean Foreign Ministry and a “well-known Eritrean-intellectual”; all of them anonymous, which makes it extremely difficult to check the sources.
Seemingly it was not important for the researchers to talk to the Eritrean people and their religious leaders, who recently published critical letters about the dire situation in the country and the mass exodus of the youth.  All serious Danish and European institutions should reject this unworthy report and demand a parliamentary hearing on the Eritrean issue and how this research was conducted. The Danish people and the Eritrean refugees deserve it.
The researchers, whom haven’t returned the numerous messages I have left at DIS, also visited Ethiopia, where they spoke with eight sources, of which all but one are anonymous. Outside Africa they spoke only with one person, Professor Gaim Kibreab, an expert on refugees and Eritrea from London South Bank University, who after reading the final report disassociated himself immediately and denounced the report as inaccurate. Unlike the DIS-researchers, Kibreab responded immediately: “the report is cherry-picking with Danish interest” to bar Eritrean refugees from entering Europe.
Serious research builds, albeit critically, on other previous articles, reports, books and audio-visual sources. The DIS report disqualifies all reports of international institutions like those of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch – not to mention the reports of journalists, academicians and various governments – as not trustworthy.
The report discredits all aforementioned reports including the stories of refugees who arrived in Europe/Denmark with scars of oppression and persecution on their body and psyche as “not relevant for the Danish caseload”. The report fails to explain what is relevant for the “Danish caseload”, but it is obvious from the tone and substance of the document that the Danish government wants to wriggle out of the 1951 Geneva Convention, which defines a refugee as someone who ”owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country or return there because there is a fear of persecution.”
The DIS researchers seem to be overwhelmed by the hospitality availed to them by the totalitarian Eritrean regime, which has no functioning parliament, no constitution, no independent judiciary and no elections for the last 23 years. The interest of DIS to bar Eritrean refugees from its territory and the Eritrean regime’s interest for propaganda conflated. No wonder the Eritrean regime and its media outlets received the report with jubilation. The Danish report is now being used to vindicate the Eritrean regime and to discredit the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights violations in Eritrea and the UN Commission of Enquiry on human rights violations in Eritrea.
Serious researchers and journalists who spend two weeks in a country like Eritrea don’t only talk to anonymous sources from the Eritrean government and Western embassies – they also approach taxi drivers, speak to people in confidential places and hold talks with more than one “well-known Eritrean intellectual”. They can’t talk with independent journalists, however, because there are none left in Eritrea after they were either arrested or exiled.
The researchers have the audacity to talk about regional NGOs in the country without mentioning the name of either the organisation or the spokesperson. The Eritrean regime has its own NGOs like the National Union of Eritrean Women (NUEW), the National Union of Eritrean Youth (NUEY) and The Peacebuilding Centre for the Horn of Africa (PCHA) – all are set up by the regime to deceive the international community. The researchers write without any criticism what one of these “governmental NGOs” told them : “A regional NGO based in Asmara emphasised that ‘Sawa is not a military camp but is basically the final two years of high school. There are academic classes, some physical training, marching but no weapons training as such’.” Serious researchers would confront this statement with government films of Sawa inaugurations, easily found online.
The Danish parliament should summon the responsible minister who is responsible for this flimsy and harmful report and should organise a hearing where all stakeholders, including Professor Kibreab and representatives of the Eritrean government are present. Facts should be unearthed in a transparent exchange of information from various sources, so that Denmark can remain a heaven for genuine refugees. The Danish and other European government should not target the refugees who went through a hell to reach a save heaven. They should develop a common policy that helps to change the situation in Eritrea. Eritreans are in search of liberty. They don’t want to leave their country. They want to study, work and help their family.
The Eritrean regime has been profiting from the exodus because Eritrean refugees have been sending remittances to their families. Eritrean regime agents have also been visiting refugee camps to convince Eritrean refugees to sign “apology letters” at the Eritrean Embassies and pay a monthly two percent fee from their income. Those who comply with this can travel to Eritrea even if they don’t have, in this case, the Danish passport. With the DIS report, the Danish government is allowing the Eritrean regime to not only control the lives of Eritreans inside Eritrea, but also here in Denmark and other parts of Europe.

Eritrea: The country that is more closed than North Korea

20 years ago was Eritrea a shining hope of an independent African country that could and would himself. Today fleeing population.

It was the world’s most optimistic country.

In the early 1990s, Eritrea imbued with the idea of a better life in freedom and independence. A better kind of country. Three decades of struggle for freedom against the big neighbor Ethiopia had just ended and independence in sight.

On 24 May 1991 drove the rebel army into the Eritrean capital Asmara. They were greeted with cheers.

– Everyone was really upbeat about to discover the many good things that happened to the country. Everyone around me was filled with an optimistic feeling that we would not repeat the same mistakes that other African countries had done, Aaron Behane that in the years after independence was chief editor of Eritrea’s largest newspaper, told BBC News in an previous interview.

Absolutely special atmosphere

Like other newly independent countries were Eritrea filled with hope for the future. The American journalist Michela Wrong has written the book ”I Did not Do it for You” on the Eritrean liberation struggle.

She has previously told BBC News:

– There was this absolutely wonderful atmosphere in Asmara. People came back after many years in exile. People had money, and everyone was talking about this amazing place without corruption, that would not be dependent on outside help. It was really something new to visit Eritrea in the early 1990s.

But the bright outlook remains on the horizon for the Eritrean people, who for 30 years had fought a uphill battle against Ethiopia’s overwhelming superiority. And won.

For Eritrea’s new president, Isaias Afwerki, the war against Ethiopia never connected.

Therefore, all the country’s inhabitants serve military service. It lasts longer and longer. Eventually, war breaks against the neighbor again beyond a small piece of land does not matter.

Al focus on New York

Criticism rains down upon the president from war-weary residents in Eritrea. It culminates with an open letter in the country’s newspapers from 15 prominent politicians. And then bother the president no longer be the leader in a country with free press and open debate.

Just 12 days after the attack on the World Trade Center, while the world’s eyes are on New York beats the authorities in Eritrea. The former chief editor of Eritrea’s largest newspaper remembers the day.

– They came to arrest me, so I had to flee. But all my colleagues were arrested. I am one of the only Eritrean journalists who were lucky to get away, have Aaron Behane told from his exile in Canada.

One of the arrested journalists was the Swedish-Eritrean Dawit Isaak, who was taken back to his country to help with reconstruction.

Since then there has been no official message from the Eritrean authorities about what has become of Dawit Isaak.

Today, Eritrea number 179 on Reporters without Borders list of countries the press. It is at the bottom, just below North Korea and Turkmenistan.

Military service without limit

Today this conscription in Eritrea for all under 50 years – almost without exception – and has no fixed length. Military service can last forever.

The first survey of conscription impact on the population is made by Professor Gaim Kibreab from South Bank University in London.

The same professor as Friday, according to Berlingske withdrew its opinions to the Immigration Service’s controversial report back.

Also read the Experts: Rigging in Danish asylum report

In the study, he interviewed 215 former conscripts. They had an average serving six and a half years of ”slavery”. Many more than twice as long before they had managed to escape.

The country emptied of young

The prospect of unlimited military service has received large parts of Eritrea’s youth to flee.

Spokesman for the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, Adrian Edwards said on November 14 that it manages some 2,000 Eritreans a month to leave the country via Sudan and Ethiopia.

In October, the figure, however, is as high as 5000. At the same time, he says that there has been a tripling of the number of Eritrean asylum seekers in European countries in the first ten months of 2014. The majority of them have sought asylum in Sweden and Germany.

90 percent of those who leave Eritrea, is between 18 and 24. Its future is about to leave it.