Sheila B. Keetharuth, Third Committee, 32nd meeting – 69th General Assembly

28 Oct 2014 – Statement by Ms. Sheila B. Keetharuth, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea, at the 32nd meeting of the Third Committee.

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea

ክልተ ፍጻሜታት ኣብ ሓደ እዋን ኣብ ናይ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ኣብያተ ክርስቲያናት ተዋሕዶ

ኣብ ክልተ ወታደራዊ መዓስከራት ኢትዮጵያ መተከልን ብላቴን ዝተወልዱ ሓደ ዓይነት ባህርይ ዘለዎም ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ማሕበረ ቅዱሳን፥ ኣብ ኤርትራ ድማ ማሕበረ ማርያም፥ ብዝብል ዝፍለጡ ኣብ ውሽጢ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ዝመሸጉ ቁርዲድ ቤተ ክርስቲያን እዮም።

ሓደ ንጹር መግለጺ ኣለዎም፥ ሓንቲ ቋንቋ ንኽልቲኦም ሓንቲ ትገብሮም ኣላቶም። ናቶም ሓሳብ ዘይቅበል ኣብ ትሕቲኦም ዘይምብርከኽ ኩል ሓንቲ መጸውዒት የጠምቕዎ “መናፍቕ፥ ተሓድሶ”። መለለይኦም ኣከዳድና ነጸላ ኣሰጋግዳ፥ ምኽኒት ብገዳማት፥ ንሽማግለታት ጳጳሳት ምሓዝ፥ ቀንዲ ስርሖም እዩ። ከምቲ ኣብ ራእ ዮሓ.ኣብ ሰማይ ከኣ ዓው ብዝበለ ድምጺ፡ እቲ ለይትን መዓልትን ኣብ ቅድሚ ኣምላኽናን ዚኽሶም ዝነበረ ኸሳስ ኣሕዋትና ተደርብዩ እዩ እሞ፡ ሕጂ ምድሓንን ስልጣንን መንግስትን ናይ ኣምላኽና ዀይኑ፡ ምልኪ ኸኣ ናይቲ ቕቡእ እዩ፡ ኪብል ከሎ ሰማዕኩ።” 12:10  ዝብሎ ኩሉ ጊዜ ኣብ ክስን ጸለመን ዝተጸምዶ እዮም።

ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ካብ ዝምስረት ልዕሊ ዕስራ ዓመት ኣቑጺሩ ዘሎ ማሕበር ቅዱሳን ድሒሩ ዝተረድኦም ጳጳሳት ኢትዮጵያ ሕጂ ዝፈረሰ ምስ ፈረሰ፥ ብሚልዮናት ህዝቢ ናብ ካልእ እምነታት ምስ ገዓዘ፥ ናይ ዓቕሊ ጽበት መግለጺ ዘውጽእዎ ንምስትውዓል ኣብዚ መላግቦ እስከ ንስማዕ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u67ZFOJuJKw

እስከ ብዛዕባ ናይ ኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ሓዲግና ናይ ኤርትራ ኦርቶዶክስ ማሕበር ማርያም ተባሂሉ ዝፍለጥ ገርህታት መንእሰያት ዝኣከበ፥ ብኢትዮጵያ ኣቢሉ ልሒኹ ዝኣተወ፥ ኣብ tewahdo.org “የማሕበረ ቅዱሳን ፖለቲካዊ እና ሃይማኖታዊ ጣልቃ ገብነት በኤርትራ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ክፍል 1-3 ብኣምሓርኛ ዝተጻሕፈ ኣተኣታትውኡ ኣብ ሃገርና ተመልከቱ።

ኣብ ኤርትራ ሱር እዚ ማሕበር ካብ ዝኣቱ ክንደይ ብርሰትን ዕንወትን በጺሑ ኣሎ።

ፓትርያርክና፥ ምሁራት ካህናትና ኣብ ምእሳር፥ ክሲን ጸለመን ኣብ ምንዛሕ፥ ክንደይ ዕንወት ተፈጺሙ ኣሎ። ንኣቦታት ጳጳሳት ኣብ ምግጋይ፥ ክንደይ ክፉእ ተሰሪሑ ኣሎ።

ኣብነት ኣብ ኣሜሪካ ኣብ 2005 ዑደት ዝገበሩ ኣባ ሉቃስ ኣብ 2000 ዓመተ ምሕረት መጽሓፍ ቅዱሳት ኣብ ቀጽርታት ቤተ ክርስቲያን ብሰንኪ እዚ ኣብ ኤርትራ ሰሊኹ ዝኣተወ ማሕበር ብሓዊ ምስ ተቓጸለ፥ ነዞም ኣቦ ሰይጣንውን ዘይበሎ ቃል ድፍረት “ኣብ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ኣዴታት ሓዊ ዘቃጸላኦ መጽሓፍ ቅዱስ፥ መጽሓፍ ርኩስ እዩ።>” ኢሎም ክዛረቡ ዘገደዶም እዚ እኩይ ማሕበር እዩ።   ክሳብ ሕጂ እዚ ማሕበር ካብ ዝባኖም ምውራድ ኣብይዎም፥ ንቤተ ክርስቲያን ተዋህዶ መካነ ክስን ጸለመን ጸርፍን፥ ናይ ፖለቲከኛታት መራገጫ ገይርዋ ዘሎ፥ ክንደይ ንጹሃት ካህናትን ዲያቆናትን እዮም ብሰንኪ እዚ ከሳሲ ማሕበር ካብ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ርሒቖም፥ ኣብ ጽኑዕ እምነቶም ከለዉ ተወጊዞም፥ ሕልፍ ሓሊፎም ኣብ መንጎ ጳጳሳትና ውግዘት ክሓድር ዝገበሩ፥ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ኣብ ቅልውላው ዘላ።

ክንደይ ተስፋ ዝግበሮምን እንጽበዮምን መንእሰያት ካህናትን ዲያቆናትን እዮም ካብ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ክሲ እናኣቕረቡ፥ ኣጥፊኦሞም ዘለዉ? ንክንደይ ሊቃውንቲ ቤተ ክርስቲያን እዮም መናፍቕ፥ ተሓድሶ ኢሎም ኣጸሊሞም ስሞም ዘኽፍኡ?

ዋላውን ንናይ ኦሬንታል ኣብያተ ክርስቲያናት ከይተረፈ መናፍቓን ኣብ ምባል በጺሖም ኣለዉ።

ኣብዚ እዋን እዚ ድሕሪ ካብ ስራሕ ምእላይ ኣቶ ዮፍታሄን ቀሺ ሃብቶምን ንቤተ ክርስቲያን ምሉእ ብምሉእ ንምብሓታ፥ ነቶም ብስምዒቶም ብተደጋጋሚ ዘታለልዎምን ዘታልልዎም ዘለዉ ኣቡነ ሉቃስ መሳርሒ ገይሮም፥ ተገን ፖለቲካውያን ሓይሊ ተጸጊዖም፥ ብኸውሊ ነጸላ ምጉልባብ ኣብ ስልጣን ቤተ ክርስትያን ክኣትዉ ውጥም ቅልቅል ዝብሉ ዘለዉ፥ ክሳብ ክንደይ እዩ፥ ሰብ ኣቃሊብሎም ዘሎ?

ከም ተዋጋኢት ላም ኣብ ኣፍደገ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ኮይኖም ፉፍ እናበሉ ክንደይ መንእሰይ እዩ ነዛ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ክርሕቃ ገይሮም ዘለዉ? እሞ ሕዝቢ ነቒሕሎምዶ? ዓቢይ ምልክት ሕቶ እዩ።

ኣብ ጎረቤትና ናይ ኢትዮጵያ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ዝነድድ ዘሎ ሓዊ ናባና ኣይሰገረን ኢልና ክንዕሾ ዝግብኣና ጊዜ ኣይኮነን። ካብቲ ኣብ ናይ ኢትዮጵያ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ዝተፈጸመን ዝፍጸም ዘሎ ዕንወትን ዘይውሕድ ይፍጸመና ኣሎ። እዚ ተመን ክሳብ ዝግብል ተዓጊስካ ገበል ምስ ኮነ ክትቀትል ምፍታን ንባዕልኻ ንሓደጋ ምግላጽ እዩ። ስለዚ ሕጅውን መምሃርን ኣይግበርካ መምሃርን ኣይኽላእካ ተባሂሉ እዩ ነቒሕና ንፍለጦም።

እግዚኣብሔር ጸጋን ሰላምን የብዝሕ።

ዘንስር ዮሓንስ

Escape from Eritrea, the testimony of Abraham Tesfai

Also this year, Global Voices has taken the course in Human Rights and Journalism Participatory E. Fermi in high school in Bologna. Part of the program is the development – from students – articles and reflections on some of the topics discussed during the meetings]

Thomas Palmieri (4th G) and Simon Persians (4th G)

Abraham-TesfaiDo we really know the way the stories of those who are willing to brave the sea and the desert to arrive in Europe? We interviewed Abraham Tesfai, a young Eritrean who lives in Bologna and has chosen not to remain just a victim of this part of contemporary history, but to raise awareness and activism on immigration and asylum.

When you come to Italy?

I got there in 2008, I was 19 years old.

Where did you spend your first days in Italy?

I arrived in Lampedusa after a week of travel in boat. Initially, I was moved to Caltanissetta, Sicily, ended in a field for 2 months and 2 weeks without the right to leave. I made a request for political asylum because I escaped by the dictatorial regime of Eritrea but I was not recognized. I was, however, granted humanitarian asylum and I have been asked 70 euro for the ticket that is given with the permit. Finally I was allowed to travel freely within the Italian borders.

How did you come to Bologna?

I got there by accident as a controller I did just get off the train at the station of Bologna. For a week I had to sleep on the street, but then I left by train for Switzerland.

How were you received in Switzerland?

Arriving in Geneva asked for political asylum. Their reception system is very different from the Italian one: I was given a room and they took my fingerprints. After three weeks they came to pick me brought me back to Italy making sleep a night in jail. They made me strip naked and left. In fact, they realized that I had left fingerprints in Italy. (The fingerprints are taken by those who do not have identification documents with them. Having previously been identified in Italy, Abraham did not have the right to be accepted in another country as a refugee – Ed). I have therefore taken the train and went back to Bologna because it was the only city I knew, even though I knew I’d be back to living on the streets.

How did you settle in Bologna?

Initially I did not have accommodation options. I was overwhelmed by the problems, sometimes slept out in the station or in a dormitory. One day I found a person who offered me a place to sleep, and from that moment I began to work hard to improve my condition. I started as a night porter, then I enrolled in a driving school, I got my license, I worked in a cooperative for three years. During the period when I was working I was following a school night. In fact I had already graduated in Eritrea but when I went to the embassy of Eritrea in Milan to obtain recognition of my degree, I was told that it would help me because I was illegally escaped from Eritrea. I had to redo high school and I graduated as a mechanical engineer with 71. I did the test for the right to physical therapy but have not been admitted, and so I chose agrarian are now in their third year of study. At the same time part-time job.

Why did you decide to leave Eritrea?

Why should I have to do military service for life, dictatorship leaves no freedom or religion, or of speech, or of the press.

What is the dictatorship in Eritrea? What are your technical prescriptions?

With the arrival of the Italians in 1882, Eritrea broke away from Ethiopia. Italian colonialism lasted for 50 years, and then fell to the British who colonized Eritrea for 10 years. In a later period, in spite of many African countries were gaining independence, Italy has decided to donate the territory of Eritrea to Ethiopia. So many riots broke out, soon turned into a war of secession long 30 years. In 1991 we drove out the Ethiopians, with a budget of more than 65,000 deaths; in 1993 was a referendum on independence in which they won the favor with 98%. The party of secessionists have formed a provisional state in order to draw up a constitution and structure of democratic bodies. But in 1997 had not yet been made ​​no progress and then restart the protests to coincide with the rise of free newspapers. In the wake of new uprisings has unleashed a new war with Ethiopia ended in 2000. The following year, the 15 Ministers of the only existing party have called for a constitution. The leader of the secessionists, who behaved like a true dictator, nominally accepted the new document. The next day he sent his soldiers by ministers to make them disappear and today did not know anything yet. It was the moment when we realized that we have a system at home. The dictator has closed private newspapers, put journalists in jail, closed the university, establishing a strict regime of terror. Now open your mouth just end up in jail.

How did you get away?

Abraham Tesfai

I liked Eritrea, did not want to leave, I was attached to my family, to my land, I dreamed that Eritrea would have blossomed. I was not looking forward to going abroad. After a year of compulsory military service along with 10,000 other people at the same time to the studies done in the top fifth, I finally got the maturity. In the field of military service philosophy is that the person should be scared, not to think: that’s why since the age of 18 seviziano you and make you work hard. Since we were also students, we have a high school diploma in that field: because of the heat and all the deprivations that were suffering, only 4% (including me) was able to graduate from obtaining the right to return home to attend the ’universities. After finally see my parents, after a year of suffering, I went to a boarding school because since 2001 the University of Asmara was closed and replaced by some colleges out of town. When I saw the board I realized that it was the same as the field from which I had just escaped: checks every half hour military guard, morning exercise. At this point I’m a bit ’of hope in my country: I lost hope to graduate in what I wanted because they were the ones to decide what I should study. As we studied also they tend to build dams and bridges, were forced labor, there was no time to study. During one of hard labor, I realized that this was not life, and I decided to leave Eritrea (it was 2007). But now I had a new problem: how? If you find that you are meditating escape they put you in jail, you have to know how and with whom to escape keeping everything secret. I talked with my student friends who lived with me agreeing to leave that lousy country under the regime of Isseias Afewerki. It took me a few months to convince them, because they knew that if they were caught in the act of escape, the guards would have permission to open fire, and that even if they were discovered by a conscientious person would still have been taken to jail for at least 3 years. After the fear we have tried their luck: during a night of rain we managed to arrive in South Sudan and overcome the desert, and it is only after many misadventures that I was able to embark and reach the shores of Italy.

Are you afraid of the possible impact on your family?

When they discovered my escape, my father was forced to pay a fine of $ 2,500, in fact, the regime has the power to embarrass your family. I had not spoken with them about my desire to escape. After all, it was not an easy decision to take, my mother would never have accepted it, and I risked death.

Are you still in touch with your parents?

I hear little to telephone and Internet because the dictator holds all the media under control.

Now in Italy you do? What prospects do you have? How do you feel living as a refugee?

After I expired asylum on humanitarian grounds I went to the police station in Bologna. The police directed me to the embassy to get your passport from them. I do not want to go because doing so would have made ​​it difficult for my family, they would have intruded into my private life and I would have to pay 2% of my income to the scheme (as all Eritreans living abroad). I lived for four years without a ticket, ie without being able to move from Bologna struggling to get a better position. I looked for a lawyer I paid 500 euro, has not done anything special, but for the mere fact that I turned to him, the police gave me a residence permit and travel document. I now have subsidiary protection that lasts 3 years.

What value do you have for human rights?

The Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man was born just after the Second World War in response to the many violations of those years, and its principles are very fair, but there is no uniformity, for example in Europe, after the birth of the European Union, the European Charter of Human Rights has been made worse by the Dublin Convention of 2003, according to which a person has to stay in the country where it was met for the first time, the law that struck me in the first person and prevented me from moving to Switzerland. I do not feel the problem of united Europe, in Italy there is not even a commitment to ensure that this will be resolved, so that you do not listen to the people to whom asylum is denied. Italy, although the European Union does not even have a proper immigration law.

Italy as a land of welcome: how do you think?

You meet great people, like the ones that I have pulled off the road, but also so many racists. At the legislative level instead is not able to give an answer to a problem so evident and meaningful. Italy, in this respect, it seems the country that works worse than other European countries.

We know how many Eritrean children reach Europe on their own, but not how many die trying – UN expert

NEW YORK (28 October 2014) – The United Nations Special Rapporteur on Eritrea, Sheila B. Keetharuth, expressed alarm about continuing human rights violations in the country resulting in mass departures. She warned the UN General Assembly about the high number of children fleeing from Eritrea without their parents.

“By mid-October, more than 4,000 Eritrean minors had arrived in Italy since the beginning of the year, including more than 3,200 children travelling without their parents,” Ms. Keetharuth said, quoting recent data collected by the UN Refugee Agency.

“The numbers provided only reflect those who make it to Europe. We do not know how many children perish along the flight,” the human rights expert stressed. “In all circumstances, unaccompanied minors require special protection.”

The children risk their lives, travelling on their own or with friends, to escape from looming military training and conscription amounting to forced labour, to join family members or in the hope of finding their rights protected across borders. They are very vulnerable and run the risk of exposure to abuse and violence, including falling in the hands of traffickers and smugglers who ask for ransoms from their families.

Eritreans are escaping systematic and widespread human rights violations, such as indefinite forced conscription and violations in the context of the national service, arbitrary arrests and detention, incommunicado detention, inhumane prison conditions, extrajudicial killings, disappearances and torture.

“In recent months, we have seen a considerable increase in Eritrean asylum seekers and refugees crossing into neighbouring countries with almost 4,000 fleeing on a monthly basis,” she said. Significantly higher numbers of Eritreans are arriving in Europe. Between January and September 2014, 32,537 Eritreans arrived in Italy by boat. With Syrians, Eritreans constitute the largest group of arrivals.

The Special Rapporteur noted that the situation has deteriorated in the context of the attempted coup in January 2013, dubbed as the ‘Forto incident’. An unknown number of people, though the numbers quoted are as high as 800, including public figures, were reportedly arrested and detained, with no information as to their whereabouts, nor have they appeared before any court of law.

“The violations described are committed with impunity. No perpetrators have been brought to justice,” Ms. Keetharuth stated. “This is why I welcome the establishment of a Commission of Inquiry by the Human Rights Council to investigate all alleged violations of human rights in Eritrea, as outlined in my reports.”

The expert called on the Eritrean Government, the Eritrean people, in and outside of the country, as well as the international community to cooperate with both the Commission’s and her mandate. “I remain fully committed to continue delivering on the mandate entrusted to me by the Human Rights Council in a constructive, transparent, independent and impartial manner and look forward to starting work as a member of the Commission of Inquiry,” she said.

The Special Rapporteur welcomed Eritrea’s accession to the UN Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in September, which was long overdue. “I hope this is an indication of Eritrea’s willingness to comply with the prohibition of torture under international law,” she said.

Sheila B. Keetharuth was appointed as the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Eritrea during the 21st Session of the UN Human Rights Council in September 2012. She took her functions on 1 November 2012. As Special Rapporteur, she is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. A lawyer from Mauritius, she has extensive experience in monitoring and documenting human rights violations, advocacy, training and litigation in human rights in Africa. Learn more, log on to: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/SP/CountriesMandates/ER/Pages/SREritrea.aspx

Check the Special Rapporteur’s latest report to the UN Human Rights Council (A/HRC/26/L.6):http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=201

UN Human Rights, country page – Eritrea:http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Countries/AfricaRegion/Pages/ERIndex.aspx

For more information and media requests please contact:
In New York:
André-Michel Essoungou, (+1 917 367 9995 / Cell: +1 917 940 0685 / essoungou@un.org)
Nenad Vasic (+1 212 963 5998 / Cell: +1 917 941 7558 / vasic@un.org)
In Geneva:
Birthe Ankenbrand (+41 22 928 9465 / bankenbrand@ohchr.org) or write to sr-eritrea@ohchr.org

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts:
Xabier Celaya, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / xcelaya@ohchr.org)

Check the Universal Human Rights Index: http://uhri.ohchr.org/en

 

ብእስትራተጂ ዓዲ ዝቐረበ ጽሑፍ ኣብ ጉባኤ ዋሽንግቶን ዲሲን ከባቢኣን

ብእስትራተጂ ዓዲ ዝቐረበ ጽሑፍ
ኣብ ጉባኤ ዋሽንግቶን ዲሲን ከባቢኣን
24 ጥቅምቲ 2014

ኣቐድም ኣቢለ ንኹሉኹም ደላይ ፍትሒ፡ እንኳዕ ብሰላም ናኣብዚ ኣገዳስን፡ ህጹጽን፡ ዝኾነ ሃገራዊ ጻዋዒት ንኽንእከብ ብሰላም ኣኻኸበና። ኩነታት ህዝብናን፡ ሃገርና ወዲቓቶ ዘላ ቅልውላው፡ ንክንፈልጥ፡ መፍትሒ ንምድላይን ዝግበር ጻዋዒት፡ ዝምስገንን ታሪኻውን እዩ።

ኣስዕብ ኣቢለ፡ ነዚ ጉባኤ ንኽግበር ዝሓለኑን፡ ዝሓሰቡን፡ ኣድላይነቱ ህጹጽ ምዃኑ ፈሊጦምን፡ ንዝወሰኑዎ፡ ዉሳኔ፡ ኣብ ግብሪ ንኽውዕል ዘይሕለል ድኻም ደኺሞምን፡ ኣብ መፈጸምታ ዘብጽሑን፡ ሽማግለታት፡ ክብ ዝበለ ምስጋና ብስም ማሕበርናን፡ ኣባላት ስትራተጂ ዓዲን፡ ቀጺለውን ብስም፡ እቲ ኣፉ ተለጉሙ ዘሎ ዉጹዕ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ደጋጊመ ከመስግን ይፈቱ።

ኣብ መግለጺ ብተባዕታይ ቃል ብምጽሓፈይ ኣሕዋተይ ደቂ ኣንስትዮ ረሲዔ ኣይኮንኩን።ይቕረታ ከም ድፍረት ከይውሰድ ሓደራ።
ባይቶ ቅድሚ ምጅማሮም፡ ቀዳሞት ወለድና፡ ቂምታ ዘልዎ ሰብ ከይህሉ፡ ኣቐዲሞም ይሓቱም! ንዝተቓያየሙ ዓሪቖም፡ እዮም ጉባኤኦም ዝጅምሩ ዝነበሩ።

እምብኣር፡ እዘን ክልተ መጻሕፍቲ “ታሪኽ ወሎዶ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ” ብሃለቅ ብርሃነ ዝተጻሕፈት፡ ከም ኡውን “ሕግታት መርየት ዓደቦ” ምስ እንውከስ፡ ክንደይ ኣሻሓት ዓመት ዝገበረ ህዝቢ፡ ታሪኽን፡ ዛንታን፡ ሕግታትን፡ ባህልን ልምድን፡ ቛንቛታትን ዘለዎ ህዝቢ፡ ሕጂ ዳኣ እንታይ ረኸቦ? ጠምበር ኢሉ ሽግሩ ክፈትሕ ዘይከል????????ኣብ ጸገም ኣትዩ ዝርከብ ዘሎ ደቁ መንጠቢ ጨኒቕዎም ፈቐዳኡ ዝጠፉን ዝቕበሩን ዘለዉ????

ኤርትራውያን መን ኢና??፡ ክንደይ ዘብን እዩ ትውልድና? መበቆልናን ዛንታናን፡ ታሪኽናን፡ ወግዕናን ያትናን ንፈልጥ ዲና? መንነትና ብግቡእ ክሳብ ዘይፈልጥና፡ ድማ ወሪድና ዘሎ ጸገም ጸነተ፡ እምበርዶ! ከም ህዝቢ ክነብር ኢና? ዘብል እዋን በጺሕና ኣሎና። ነዚ ከቢድ ሕቶ ክንምልሽ ናይ ግድን እዩ።ህጹጽ ምዃኑ ንኹሉ ክበርህ ኣለዎ።

“መንገዲ ምስ ወዲ ዓዲ” ቃል ኣቦው እዩ።
ዓድና መሰረትናን፡ መበቆልናን፡ መንነትና፡ መርየትናን ዝገልጽ እዩ። ኣብ ዓዲ ህዝቢ፡ ባህሊ፡ ታሪኽ ህዝቢ፡ መርየት፡ ባይቶ፡ኣምሓደርቲ ሽማግለ፡ ለባማት፡ ትምህርትን፡ ስልጠናን፡ ዛንታን ያታን፡ ምክብባርን፡ ፍቕሪን፡ እምነትን፡ ምትእምማንን፡ ጽንዓትን፡ ጅግንነትን፡ ምቕልሉነትን፡ ተወፋይነትን፡ ኣብ ትሕቲ ሕጊ ይርከብ።

ወዲ ዓዲ፡ እንታይ ይገብር? ሰብ የኽብር። ኣይዳፈርን መሰል ሰብ ይሕሉ። ዝመጾ ይፈልጥ፡ ስነ ስርዓት ንዘጉደለ፡ ኣይወረጃን ወይ ጓሳ ኢሉ ይጽዋዕ። መነባብራኡ ድማ ኣብ ማሕረስን ኣብ መጓሰን እዩ። ከመኡ ድማ ጋሻ ይቕበል፡ መንገዲ ይመርሕ፡ መን ጓና መን ዘመድ ይፈልጥ፡ ኣከባቢኡ፡ መዳውብቱ ፡ መዋዳድርቱ ዝኾኑ ዓድታት ይፈልጥ፡ ኣብ ዓዲ ዝርከብ ቛቑራን ሽንጭሮን፡ ብዓትን ገደልን ይፈልጥ፡ መህደምን መሕብእን ናይ ዓዲ ይፈልጦ። ኣብ እንታይ እዋን ይጥቀመሎ ም ለሊጡ ድማ ይቕረብ …ወዘተ።
“ዓድኻ ፍርሕን ትኽልክለልካ፡ ሞት ነይትኽልክለልካ” ከም ዝባሃል ሰብ ኣብ ዓዱ ክፈርህ የብሉን።
ንሎሚ ካብ ሰለስተ ሕጊ ዓደቦ ንመምሃሪ ክጠቅስ፡ ፍቐዱለይ? ናይ ዓፈር፡ ናይ ኹናማ፡ ናይ ባዛን፡ ናይ መንዓምር በጃን…ወዘተ ከምዘሎና ንኹሉ ብሩህ እዩ።

ኣብ ዓዲ ሕጊ ኣሎ፡ መረየት ኣሎ፡ ባይቶ ኣሎ፡ ህዝቢ ኣሎ፡ ዜግነት ኣሎ። ኣብ ዓዱ ብሕጊ ኣይነባበር። “ሰብ ኣብ ዓዱ፡ እኽልን ኣብ ዓውዱ” ይባሃ።

ሓደ ህዝቢ ብሰላም ክነብር ሕጊ ክህልዎ ኣለዎ።እዚ ካብኮነ፡ እስከ፡ ኣብ ሕጊ ኣድግና ተግልባ፡ ንሕጊ ከመይ ይገልጾ። “ ሕጊ ማለት ንንጉስ፡ ንመኳንንቲ፡ ንሕዝቢ ምስ እግዚኣብሄር ዘሳማምዕ፡ ንሕዝቢ መሔለዊ፡ ብሰላም መንበሪ ዓቢ ረዲኤት ዘለዎ ነገር ማለት እዩ” ይብለና። ሕጊ ኣድግና ተገልባ ብዘበናዊ ኣብ ጽሑፍ ንኽሰፍር ሓደ ዓመትን፡ ሽዱሽተ ወርሕን ወሰደ። ኣብ “ምዔም ምሓዝ” ኣብ ዝተባህለ ቦታ ተኣወጀ።
“ለባም ተወከስ፡ ባላን ተሞርከስ” ከም ዝባሃል፡ ኣብ ደብተር ሕጊ ስርዓት ዓደቦ፡ ኣብ መቕድም ዝሰፈረ ንመልከት!

“ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ካብ መርየቱ በቑሉ ናብ መርየቱ ዝዓልብ ንባህልንታቱ ዘንጸባርቕን፡ ንኣግባብ መነባብራኡ ዝሰርዕን፡ ናይ ገዛእ ርእሱ ሃገራዊ ሓድጊን ስነ መስርዕን ኮይኑ ካብ እዋን ናብ እዋን ዝተቐርጸ ሕግን ስርዓትን ናይ መረት ዓደቦ ኣለዎ። እዚ ሕጊዚ ካብ 1480 ዓም ኣትሒዙ ኣብ ስነ ጽሑፍ ሰፊሩ ንሕዝብና ኣብ ደረጃ ስልጡን ህዝቢ ዓለም ኣድይቡ ሚዛን ናይ ታሪኻዊ ምዕባለን ቀይዲ ናይ ህዝቢዊ ትካላትን ኮይኑ ክሳብ ሎሚ ኣገልግለቱ ኣብ ገጠራት ኤርትራ ከበርክት ይርኤ።

ሕጊ እንዳባ ሽሕኳ ኣገልግሎቱ ካብ ብዙሕ ዘበናት እናተዋራረሰ እንተመጸ ባዕዳውያን ገዛእቲን ጸላእቲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን በብ ኢብሪ እናተላዕሉ ጸቕጥን በብዓይነቱ ዕንቅፋትን ፈጢሮም ስለ ዘቛናጽብዎ፡ ከምቲ ግቡእ ክምዕብል ኣይከኣለን። ሰንሰለታውያን ገዛእቲ ንሕጊ እንዳባ ብምስትንዓቕ “ካብ ባህላዊ ትሕዝቶን ተራ ስርዓት ናይ ባህርያዊ ምንቅስቓስን ሓሊፉ ካልእ ክብሪ ክህልዎ ኣይክእልን” እናበሉ ስል ዝጓዕጸጽዎን፡ ተሓቲሙ ንዝወጸ ፡ብዙሕ ብራናታት፡ ድጓታትን፡ መጸሓፍትን ኣራርዮም ስለ ዘሕረርዎን፡ ንሕጊ እንዳባ ከነስተማቕሮን ብቐዳማይ ደረጃ፡ ሰሪዕና ክንኩስኩሶን ዕድል ኣይረኸብናን። ባዕዳውያን ጸላእቲ ዝፈጠርዎ ጉድኣት ግን በዚ ኣየብቕዔን። እቲ ዝገደደ” ሕግን ስርዓትን ናይ መርየት ዓደቦ ኣድሓርሓርን ንረብሓ መሳፍንቲ ዝቖመን እዩ” እናበሉ ናይ ስነ ኣእምሮ ደገልን፡ ናይ ስነ መንነት ፍርሕን ራዕድን ኣብ ሓንጎል ብዙሓት ሃገራውያን ስል ዘሰረጹ፡ ኣብ ክንዲ ብሕጊ እንዳባ ምኹራዕን ምሕባንን፡ ንዑኡ እናቆናጸቡን እና ኣነኣኣሱን መተካእታኡ ካልእ ምስ ባህሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘየሳኒ ናይ ወጻእተኛታት ሕጊ ወይ ክለሰሓሳብ ክስዕቡ ይረኣዩ። እዚ ድማ ኣዕናዊ ምንቅልዋጥ እዩ”።

ዝብል ተመዝጊቡ ንረክብ። ንኣዳለውቲ ደበተር ሕጊ ምስጋና ይብጻሓዮም።

ኣብ ሕጊ ኣድከመ ምልጋእ፡
“ንኹሉ ሕግታት ዓለም ዘጽንዕ መሰረት ድማ ሃይማኖትን ስራሕ ምፍታውን፡ ንንጉስ ምክባርን እዩ” ይብለና። ሕጊ ኣብ ዝሕገገሉ ግዜ ብእየጋንታ ዝተወልዱ፡ ዓበይትን፡ ለባማትን፡ ተመሪጾም ኣብ ማይ ጊፍ ዝተባህለ ቦታ (ወረዳ ተኸላ) ምስ ቃንዳ መለኸቶም ተኣኪቦም ሰሙን ክልተ ቅነ፡ ንቑጽ እንገራ እናተመገቡ፡ ማይ ሩባ እና ሰተዩ፡ ኣብ ጽላል ሞሞና ኮይኖም እግዚኣብሄር ግለጸልና ኢሎም ሓገግዎ” ይብለና።

ኣድከመ ምልጋእ፡ ኣብ ጉባኤ ምስ ተኣከቡ፡ “ብቃንዳ መለኸት በርበረ ዝመስል ዘንጊ ሒዞም እናዞሩ፡ ስምዑ ዓደቦና እዚ ሓጊግና፡ እዚን ደንጊግና ኣሎና፡ ኣብ ልብኹም የሕድሮ እናበሉ ብምሳር ዝተጸርበ መልሓሶም ገይሮም የስምዑን የውርሱን ነበሩ፡ ህዝቢ ብወገኑ ይስመርዎ እናበሉ ብደስታ ተቐቢሎም ይሰናበቱ” ነበሩ።

“ንጉስ ኣብ ሰቐላኦም፡ ኣቦታትና ኣብ መሞናኦም ዝሓገጉልና፡ ሓጸረ ኢልካ ኣይትልቅመሉ፡ ነውሔ ኢልካ ኣይተሕጽረሉ ኢሎም ይምጉቱ ነበሩ”።
ንዳሕረዎት ትውልዲ ምሕጽንታን ወይ ለበዋን!! ከምዚ ዝስዕብ እዩ።

“እግዚኣብሄር ሕግና ክሕተም ካብ ፈቐደልና፡ ብድሕረና ዝውለዱ ደቅና ክቕጽልዎ ምሉእ ተስፋ ኣለና። ካብ ሓድሽ ሕጊ ክትፈጥር ነቲ ዝነበረ እናጸረብካ ከተስልጥ ይቐልል። ቅድም ኦሪት ነበረ፡ ወንጌል ምስ መጸ ፍጹም ብርሃን ኮነ።ደቅና ሕግና ኣጽኒዕም ከሔድስዎን ከጽርዩዎን ኩልና ንምርቖም። ይብሉና።

እሞ! ንሕና ደቖም ተኸቲልናዮምዶ? ዝብል ሕቶ የቕርብ።
ሕጊ ናይ ሎጎ ጭዋ፡ ኣብ ማይላሓም ሓገግዎ። ኣቦታትና ክልተ ደብተር ሕጊ ገደፉልና። ወድሰብ ተወሳላትን፡ ተታላልን፡ ምናልባሽ፡ ብጉቦ እንተ ተወሳለት፡ ሓንቲ ደብተር ሓላዊት ትኸውን። ዓደቦ ዝመረጾም፡ እሙናት ዝኾኑ ደብተር ዓቀብቲ ብባይቶ ይምረጹ፡ ደብተር ድማ፡ ካብ ዓዲ ናብ ዓዲ እናዞረ ይቕመጥ ነበረ።

ሕጊ ዓደቦ ሓደ ካብ ሓደ እንተዘይበሊጹ፡ ማዕረ መሰላት ዜጋን መሰል ዘራእትን፡ መሰል እንስሳታት ብጠቕላላ ዝሕሉ ሕጊ እዩ ነይሩ። መሰል እምነት ብፍቃድነት ዜጋ እዩ ዝውሰን።ዜጋ ኣብ ዝደለዮ ሃይማኖት ናይ ምእማን መሰል ነበሮ።
ስትራተጂ ዓዲ!!!!

ስትራተጂ ዓዲ እንታይ ማለት ኮን ይኸውን? ክንምልስ ኣድላዪ ኮይኑ ንረኽቦ። ነዚ ክንምልሽ! ዓዲ ኸ! እንታይ ማለት እዩ?
እምብኣር፡ ዓዲ እንታይ ምዃኑ ካብ ፈለጥና! ንዓዲ መን ፈጠሮ ወይስ መን ወለዶ? ጥሻ ወይ መርየት ዘለዎም እኩባት ስድራ ቤታት እዮም ዓዲ ዘቑሙ። ኣብ ባይቶ ተኣኪቦም ድማ፡ ሕጂስ ዓዲ ኣኺልና ኢናሞ! ዓዲ ዘድሊ ኣኸለ መሰለ’ን ኣለና ኢሎም ዓዲ እገል ኢና፡ ኢሎም ይስየሙ። ዓዲ እገለ፡ ዝመርሖም ጭቃ፡ ዘካይድዎም ዓበይቲ ዓዲ፡ ሽማግለ ኣመሓደርቲ፡ሽማግለ ገላፎ መርየት፡ ዓቛሮ መርየት፡ ዝእከብሉ ባይቶ፡ ዝጽልዩሉ ቤት ጾሎት፡ ቤት ጸሎት ዘማሓድሩ፡ ሰብ ምስ ወፈረ ዓዲ ዝሕሉ በብታራ ኳደረ ይገብሩ ነበሩ።

ደቂ ዓዲ ኣግባብን ወግዕን ቀዳሞት ኩሉ ዘማልእ እዩ። ኣብ ግዜ ሓጎሶም ኮነ፡ ኣብ ግዜ ሓዘኖም፡ ኣብ እዋን ሽግርን ኮነ ኣብ እዋን ራህዋ፡ ኣብ ግዜ ዓመጽ ኮነ ኣብ ግዜ ወራር ጸላኢ ኣብ ዘጓንፎም፡ ደወል ይድወል እሞ! ዓዲ ይእከብ፡ ከም ህጽጹነቱ፡ በቲ ዘቖሙዎ ምስጢራዊ ምልክታት፡ ተጸዋዊዕም ኣብ ባይቶ ይመኻኸሩ ነበረ።

ኣብ ባይቶ ተኣኪቦም መን መጺኡ! መንከ ተረፈ! መትረፊኡኸ! እንታይ መትረፊኡ የረጋግጹ። መትረፊኡ ምስተፈልጠ ኣብ ጉዳዮም ጉዳይ ይኣትዉ። መኤከቢኦም ኣብ ባይቶ ኣዳቒቖም ይዘራረቡ፡ ይካትዑ፡ ይሰሓሓቡ፡ ኣብ መጨረሻ ግና፡ ንዘምጽኦም ጉዳይ መፍትሒ ወሲኖም ብሓባር ይሰናበቱ። ጸላኢ መጺኡ! እንተ ኾይኑ ንኩናት ይኸቱ። ኩሉ ነገር ዓዲ ኣብ ባይቶ ዓዲ ይፍጸም። ደቂ ዓዲ ሓጎሶምን፡ መከራኦምን፡ ብሓደ ምዃኑ ኣሚኖም ቃል ዓዲ፡ ሕጊ ዓዲ ምዃኑ፡ ኩሉተሰማሚዑ ይነብር። ወዲ ዓዲ ዜጋ እዩ። ዜግነት ኣብ ዓዲ ይበቁል። ዓድታት ተኪበን፡ ወረዳ ይኾና።ወረዳታት ተኣኪበን ኣውራጃ ይኾና። ኣውራጃታት ተደማሚረን ድማ ሃገር የቑማ። ወዲ ሃገር ወይስ ወዲ ዓዲ ትርጉሙ ኩሉ ሓደ እዩ።

ካብዚ ተበጊስና ኢና፡ ስትራተጂ ዓዲ እንብል ዘለና። መንነትና ፈሊጥና፡ ክንምህርን፡ ክንቃለስን፡ ዝወሰና። መሰረት ዘይብሉ ፈራሲን፡ ተሰባሪን ስለ ዝኾነ፡ መንነትናን፡ ታሪኽናን፡ ባህልናን እንተድኣ ፈሊጥና ተኣማሚናን፡ ተፋቒርናን ንክንሰርሕ የኽእለና። መሰረት ዘለዎ ቤት ድልዱል እዩ። ዓንዲ ዘለዎ ቤት ኣይፈርስ እዩ። ቀዳሞት ወለዲ ከመይ ገይሮም ሽግራቶም ይፈትሑ ከም ዝነበሩን፡ ይነባበሩን ከምዝነበሩን፡ የፍልጥናሞ፡ ብትዕግስትን፡ ብትብዓትን ንክንምጉት፡ የብቅዓና።

ነዚ ገጢሙና ዘለሎ፡ ሃገራዊ ጸነተ! ከምዘይናትካ ጉዳይ ኣማዕዲኻ ዝርኤ ኣይኮነን። ኣምዕድዩ ንዝርኢ ዜጋ፡ ናይ ጥዕናዶ! ይኸውን? ኢልካ ዘሕትት እዩ። ሓደ ሓደ ምስላታት ቀዳሞት እስከ ንመልከት!
ተመሊስካ ትርእዮ ገዲፍካዮ ኣይትእቶ፡
ንርስቲ ይዋጋኣላ፡ ኣንስቲ፡
ሓረድዋ ሞተት፡ ነጸይዋ ሞተት፡
ትርጉም ናይ እዚ ምስላታት እንተ! ተረዲእና፡ ሽግር ሃገርና ኣማዕዲኻ ዝርኣዮ እዋን ስለ ዘይኮነ፡ ንሕና ከም ስትራተጂ ዓዲ ሽግር ሃገርና ንኽንፈትሕ ምስ ኩሎም ዜጋታትና፡ ሓቢርና ንኽንሰርሕ ቕሩባት ምዃና፡ ኣብዚ ኣጋጣሚ ንህዝብና ከነፍልጥ ንፈቱ።

ኣብ ስደት ዝነብር ህዝብና ኣብ ዘዘለዎ ዓዲ፡ መሰረታዊ ዘተን ምትእኽኻብን፡ ጀሚሩ ኣሎሞ! ኣብ ዝላዓለ ደርጃ ንኽበጽሕ፡ ኣብ ዘዘለዎ ዓዲ ዘይሕለል ጻዕሪ ንኽገብር ንኹሎም ዜጋታትና ጻዋዒትና ነቕርብ።

ስትራተጂ ዓዲ፡ ሽግር ሃገርና፡ መፍትሒኡ፡ ኣብ ስድራ ቤት ኤርትራ፡ ኢሉ ይኣምን።ጉዳይ ሃገሩ ዓው ኢሉ ክዘራረብ ኣለዎ ንብል። ፍቓድ ካብ ማንም ክሓትት የብሉን። ብካልእ ሰብ ክፈትሓሉ ድማ ኣይጸበ። ዝርርብ ኣብ ስድራ ቤት እዩ ክጅመር ዘለዎ። ዝከባበር ስድራ ቤት ዝከባበሩ መሓዙትን መማኽርትን ኣለዉዎም። “መንም ምዃንካ ክፈልጠካ ምስ መን ከም እትኸይድ ንገረኒ” ከም ዝባሃል፡ ኣደታትን ወዘራዝርን ንስድራ ቤተን፡ ድግድጊት ተዓጢቐን ክሙግታን፡ ክምክታን ምስ ዝጅምራ፡ ዓወት ህዝቢ ኣብ ባይቶ ዓዲ ይውዳእ። ካብ ዓዲ ቀጺሉ፡ ናብ እንዳታትን፡ ናብ ወረዳታትን፡ ናብ ኣውራጃታትን፡ ይበጽሕሞ! መእስሪኡን መዛዘሚኡን ድማ፡ ኣብ ሃገራዊ ባይቶ ይፍጸም።

ናይ ዉልቅና ጉዳይ ጸገምና ክንፈትሕ፡ ኣብ ምንታይ ኩነታት ኣለኹ ኢልና ንነብስና ቅድም ምስ እንውከስ እዩ መፍቲ ጸገም ዝኸውን መንገዲ ዝርከብ። “ወለድና ፍልስፍና ኣይተማህሮም፡ እንተኾነ ፍላስፋትት እዮም ነይሮም” ነፍሰሄር ካርዲናል ጳውሎስ ጽድዋ ከም ዝበልዎ፡ “ሳእንኻ ማዕረ እግግርኻ” ከም ዝብሉ ወለድና ኣብ እንፈልጦን፡ ብእንኽእሎን ሓቢርና ምስ እንሰርሕ ጸገም ምሓጸረ ንብል። ኣነ መን እየ? ኣበይ ኩነታትከ! ኣለኹ? ናበይ ገጸከ! ጉዕዞይ? ኢልና ምስ እንሓትት ንሰውነትና ነጻ ነውጽእ።

“ስጋ በሊዕካን ዓጽሚ፡ ነገር ወዲእካን ፈጽሚ” ይብሉ ቀዳሞት እሞ! ስትራተጂ ዓዲ ምስ ኩሉ ዜጋ፡ ሲቪካዊ ማሕበርን፡ ዉድባትን፡
ናይ ምስራሕ ዕቕሚ ከምዘለዎ ደጋጊሙ የረጋግጽ።

“ሰብ ኣብ ዓዱ!፡ እኽልከ! ኣብ ዓውዱ!” ኢሎም ወልደና! ኣብ ዓዲ መርየት ኣሎ፡ባይቶ ኣሎ፡ ዜግነት ኣብ ዓዲ ይዋሃብ፡ ወዲ ዓዲ ማለት ዜጋ ማለት እዩ። መሰረት ዓዲ ስለዝኾነ ብዓዲ ንጀምር። ኣብ ስደን ዝነብር ኤርትራዊ ኣብ ዘዘለዎ፡ ዝነብረሉ ዓዱ ስለ ዝኾነ፡ ፍቕሩን ሕውነቱን ከደልድልን፡ ምቅርራቡ ከደልድን፡ “ንኽትድቅስ ጎረቤትካ ይደቅስ” ከም ዝባሃለ፡ ኣብ ከባቢኡን፡ ዙርያኡን፡ ዝርከቡ ዜጋታቱ ለሊጡ ምእንቲ መንነቱን፡ ህዝቡን፡ ክብሩን ዝርርብ ጀሚሩ መፍትሒ ሽግር ህዝቡ ከምዝረክብ ጥርጥር የብልናን።

ዝለዓለ ክብርን ምስጋናን ንኹሉም ስዋኣትና!!!
ነዚ ዕዉት ንክኸውን ዘቕረቡን ዝደኸሙን
ምሁራት ኤርትራውያን ደጊምና ነመስግን።

ስትራተጂ ዓዲ!!!
24 ጥቅምቲ 2014
ቭየና፡ ቭርጂንያ
ሰምየን ኣመሪካ